Members of the ACES Forestry, Wildlife, and Natural Resources (FWNR) Team are ready to assist you with questions and issues related to wildlife in Alabama. Whether the questions are about hunting and game species, nuisance wildlife, wildlife identification, or injured/orphaned animals, the FWNR Team is well equipped to address these information needs. Additionally, the following Wildlife FAQ can address common questions about Alabama’s wildlife.
FAQ: I found a sick or injured animal. How can I help?
Answer: Alabama Department of Conservation and Natural Resources (ADCNR) maintains a list of all permitted wildlife rehabbers in Alabama HERE. Please note that each rehabber maintains a specific list of wildlife species they can accept.
For raptors (birds of prey), the Southeastern Raptor Center at Auburn University details how to capture and transport an injured bird HERE.
If possible, call the rehabber prior to handling the animal as they may not be able to accept it. Many rehabbers are unable to pick-up animals, and you must provide transportation to the rehabilitation center. Only do this if it is safe for both you and the animal. Remember that mammals – especially bats, raccoons, foxes, coyotes and skunks – can carry rabies. If in doubt, do not touch it. Your safety is most important.
FAQ: I found an orphaned fawn? Where should I take it?
Answer: Do not touch fawns, leave them alone and where you found them. Although they may look helpless and orphaned when you see them bedded down, this is a natural strategy to avoid predators. Its mother is likely close by and waiting for you to leave. To learn more about what to do should you encounter a fawn, please visit HERE.
FAQ: How do I deal with nuisance wildlife on my property?
Answer: Check out these links for general information on how to coexist with and deter wildlife:
Wildlife Neighbors: Living with Urban & Suburban Wildlife
Legal Wildlife Damage Management Techniques in Alabama
Links to more detailed control strategies for specific species can be found below:
Beaver Control in Alabama
Controlling Armadillo Damage in Alabama
Controlling Damage from Moles and Voles
Controlling Eastern Gray Squirrel Damage
Controlling Rats and Mice
FAQ: I have wildlife on my property or in my neighborhood that needs to be removed. Who should I call?
Answer: There are three options if an animal needs to be removed because they represent a nuisance, a human or pet safety concern, or it is sick. These include:
- Call the state office of the USDA Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) Wildlife Services at 334-844-5670.
- Contact someone on the nuisance wildlife control operator list maintained by ADCNR. It is organized by statewide operators followed by a county-specific operators.
- Contact someone on the Alabama Trappers and Predator Control Association at nuisance wildlife control operators list.
FAQ: I’m having problems with wild pigs on my property. What should I do?
Answer: Review A Landowner’s Guide for Wild Pig Management: Practical Methods for Wild Pig Control for detailed information. Additionally, please visit our full playlist of “How-to” videos available on YouTube.
FAQ: Is the snake I found venomous?
Answer: There are six species of venomous snake native to Alabama – copperhead, cottonmouth (water moccasin), pygmy rattlesnake, timber (canebrake) rattlesnake, eastern diamondback rattlesnake, and harlequin coral snake. Learn to identify these six types of snakes.
If in doubt, review this link: Identification and Control of Snakes in Alabama.
If you would like to have an expert identify a snake from a photograph you took, send it to Dr. Wesley Anderson via email or text (334-750-9458).
If you are a Facebook user, consider joining the group Snake Identification for rapid identification of snake photographs. It is fine to submit photos of living or dead snakes. Be sure to include the location of the photograph with your post.
For free snake relocation services in the state, consult this map.
FAQ: Do we have cougars (AKA mountain lions, pumas, panthers) in Alabama?
Answer: There have been no confirmed cougar sightings in Alabama for 50 years. Many reports are of “black panthers.” An all-black (melanistic) cougar has never been recorded so any black panther sightings are likely of melanistic bobcats. More information can be found HERE.
That is not to say that a cougar sighting in Alabama is impossible. Individuals can travel hundreds of miles. If you do have photographic evidence of a cougar in the state, please consider sharing it with us.